Thematic Development Areas -

To address the problems of difficult regions across the country and those regions having their unique set of problems, theme-based Centres have been established in desert, fragile hilly and remote tribal regions and in emerging sectors such as hospitality and tourismbased livelihood.
  Centre for Development in Desert/ Arid Areas:
Focussing on the arid regions of Rapar, Kutchh district in Gujarat and Barmer district of Rajasthan with a core grant support from DST, Government of India, suitable technologies such as cultivation of drought tolerant fruit, vegetable, foodgrain and forage crops such as ber, date palm, pomegranate, khejari and guggul, conservation of water resources through technologies such as tanka and well re-charge and promotion of good livestock husbandry practices through introduction of suitable goat breeds such as Sindhi, Khader and Marwadi breeds, are the major activities to improve the local livelihood.
  Centre for Development in Fragile Hill Areas:
Centre is focussing on the development of Kumaon and Garhwal regions of Uttarakhand. Innovative water conservation measures, agri-hortiforestry, vegetable production in greenhouse, dairy husbandry and poultry are becoming popular among local communities because of direct economic benefits and efficient backward and forward linkages. For designing a suitable socioeconomic development strategy for this region of Mid-west Himalayas, a workshop was organised in collaboration with the Department of Biotechnology and Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, which has given new clues for future action. The Experts identified the following as the most appropriate programmes for providing sustainable livelihood for the local communities in the mountainous eco-system.
  Resource Centre for Tribal Development:
With a focus on betterment of tribal families, studies on emerging challenges and opportunities for forest resource-based produce such as lac, tassar and honey in tribal clusters of Central India. Activities such as Nontimber forest producebased livelihood, farm diversification options, tribal heritage agriculture systems and Forest Rights' Act and community claim settlement were undertaken. Various local specific income generation activities such as high-value vegetable production in low-cost bamboo greenhouse, floriculture, dairy husbandry and innovative feeding practices for poultry have also been introduced.

Nutritional security is being addressed through enrichment of backyard gardens with perennial vegetables, cultivation of strawberries and high value vegetables, conservation of paddy, millets, tubers, wild vegetables, promotion of non-timber forest products such as tassar silk, palmyra palm, mahua (Madhuca indica), charoli, lac farming, gum cultivation, aromatic grass such as lemon grass and rosha, water chestnut cultivation and inland fishery.
  Centre for livelihoods through provision of innovative hospitality services for tourists:
This Centre has developed communitybased tribal tourist centres in Jawhar cluster of Maharashtra and at Dadra-Nagar Haveli region, operated by community groups. Services include authentic tribal cuisine, tribal culture, craft and festival, tourist guide and revival of traditional food through food counters known as Nahari on tourist routes, thereby providing off-farm income opportunities.

These initiatives have helped in creating financial security and stability for the participating communities while ensuring recognition for their rich, quaint culture and traditions and appreciation of their harmonious co-existence with nature. They have generated suitable opportunities for gainful employment for the tribals and tribal communities in their own settings without any displacement, and ensured conservation of tribal diversity, culture and traditional innovative skills. Capacity building of local service providers, identifying and packaging innovative services for the benefit of tourists, marketing of innovative products and services and Institution building for management of tourism enterprises are some of the expected outcomes.

Eco-tourism at Kelichapada, Jawhar in Maharashtra
"Come….stay…learn…and… experience…the beauty of nature, the tribal way of living, rich culture, useful traditions and more importantly, tribal hospitality.....! This is the fervent appeal of the members of Kalmandavi, Jawhar, a Tourism Committee formed under the Community-led tourism activities Project promoted by BAIF in Maharashtra, South Gujarat and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. This is a holiday package which is different from those marketed on glossy travel brochures. Managed by locals belonging largely to the Kukana, Kolcha and Warli tribes, the initiative in Kelichapada village of Jawhar block in Thane district of Maharashtra, has demonstrated how responsible tourism can create a window of opportunity for locals while giving outsiders a peep into their traditional culture.

Jawhar is a typical tribal town. The region is blessed with natural beauty and a vibrant, unique, tribal culture. It also has an advantage due to its proximity to Mumbai, Nasik, Vapi Pune and Thane. The hospitality service was launched four years ago when BAIF decided to respond to the growing trend of tourism in rural and tribal areas as it felt that it had potential to contribute to the livelihoods of the local communities. This realisation was translated into action by BAIF through the Thematic Centre, "Centre for promotion of livelihoods through provision of innovative hospitality services by communities" which is being implemented in selected project locations.

BAIF helped the community members to identify and develop themselves to be able to provide various useful services for tourists and to organise themselves into a committee which will manage the tourism service provision enterprise.

Today, the members of the Kalmandavi Tourism Committee manage all the activities independently which involves tourist bookings, boarding and lodging and entertainment. Visitors and tourists are warmly welcomed. They are then taken on an extensive tour which comprises of a visit to the wadi (promotion of agri-horti-forestry on drylands and degraded unproductive lands, resulting into productive orchards of mango, cashew and other fruit crops), accompanied by trained guides, nearest waterfall, trekking or visit to any of the local sightseeing spots in Jawhar town such as the Jai Vilas Palace. Some who wish to experience the true rural scenario, can wade into nearby paddy fields to view crop cutting and ploughing. Visitors can also follow a trail to a tribal village and learn warli painting from a master craftsman. Also on offer are delectable traditional tribal cuisine, a glimpse of local tribal culture and dance performances and living in a tribal hamlet.

Kelichapada Tourism Centre Jawhar Region

For further details, please contact any of the following:

Dr. Rajashree Joshi
BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune
Telephone No. 020-25231661

Goraksh Bhor
Kalmandavi Paryatan Seva Samiti – Kelichapada, Jawhar

Eco-tourism at Kauncha, Silvasa, Dadra and Nagar-Haveli
Kauncha village near Silvasa in the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar-Haveli, is another tribal cluster which has been developed as a hospitality centre by the enterprising tribal community who comprise the members of the local tourism committee. This scenic place is becoming a popular tourist destination.

Apart from offering various experiences in tribal living, culture and traditions, setting up of indigenous food corners by tribal women along the highways in South Gujarat is another example of innovative service provided by tribal communities. These roadside food outlets provide delicious ethnic tribal cuisine made from traditional cereals, pulses and vegetables such as finger millet, lentil, traditional chillies, wild tubers and seasonal forest foods. Tourists and visitors to these food counters, receive an unique opportunity to taste authentic tribal preparations throughout the year at reasonable prices.

The impact of this initiative so far, supports the possibility of developing newer development directions in response to the changing context, for the long-term benefit of tribal and rural communities.

Kauncha Tourism Centre

For further details, please contact any of the following:

Dr. Rajashree Joshi
BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune
Telephone No. 020-25231661 25231663-7
Mobile No. 09822843108

Rama Bhoye / Sudam Bhoye / Mahendra Bagul
BAIF–Dhruva, South Gujarat and Dadra Nagar Haveli Eco-tourism Site
Mobile No. 07600048919


Cluster Based Approach -

Sustainable livelihood through transfer of appropriate technologies for holistic development in backward regions, was promoted in 74 villages in 10 clusters of 5 backward districts of Maharashtra including selected clusters in 3 districts of Vidarbha through the Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security in Backward Districts of Maharashtra under the National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP), sponsored by ICAR. BAIF as a consortium leader introduced various interventions with focus on value chain development, which enabled 13,000 small farmers to enhance their income, ensuring food security and better quality of life. The integrated farm development model comprising of improved agriculture and water resource development practices, increased the cropping intensity by 49%. 1122 ha were brought under improved crop varieties and 828 ha under irrigation, resulting in rise in net income by Rs. 27,500 per ha, benefitting 5546 families. Linseed growers have been motivated to cultivate improved varieties, processing for Omega-3 oil for a nutraceutical, useful for treating many diseases.

Livestock breed improvement resulted in production of high yielding cattle and buffaloes at the doorsteps of the small farmers while installation of bulk milk coolers resulted in the processing of nearly 4,000 litres of milk per day, benefitting 500 milk producers in the project area. Value chain on tassar silk has led to production of disease free layings and superior quality cocoons, generating employment of 90 to 120 days per annum. 162 families in Etapalli block of Gadchiroli earned supplementary income of Rs. 8000 per annum from this activity. A Sustainability Fund has been created from people's contribution, to maintain the facilities. This model has shown potential for wider replication in the state.

For more details, please click here
The Landscape Approach -

To converge the wadi programme with various on-going development programmes, Landscape Development Approach has been evolved. This approach focvusses on integrated planning and implementation of diverse interventions by the local community, to address development problems at the village level and to ensure efficient and optimum utilisation of financial resources.

This pilot project was implemented from 2007 to 2013 in Amboshi in Dharampur block of Valsad district and Sarvar in Dangs district of south Gujarat.

Significant achievements have been made through this approach to undertake soil and water conservation, develop wadi, introduce high value crops, optimize crop yields, promote livestock development, afforestation, micro enterprises, community health and sanitation measures. Progress has been recorded through convergence of participatory village development plans (PVDP) which is a unique model for holistic village development.

The methodology has been documented in "Landscape Approach for Integrated Rural Development", a book published by BAIF.

The Landscape Approach (LA) focusses on integrated development-planning and implementation at the catchment level. LA is integrated planning and implementation of diverse interventions by the local community, to address development problems at the village level and to ensure proper and maximum utilization of financial resources available from various sources. This pilot project is being implemented since 2007 upto 2013 in 11 villages in Amboshi in Dharampur block of Valsad district and Sarvar in Dangs tehsil of Dangs district of south Gujarat. Significant achievement have been made through soil and water conservation, wadi, improved and commercial agriculture, livestock development, afforestation, enterprise promotion, community health and sanitation measures. Progress has been recorded through convergence and use of participatory village development plans (PVDP) which is a unique model for holistic village development. A document titled Landscape Approach for sustainable development highlights the output of a project to pilot a "Landscape approach" for rural development, initiated by BAIF and its Associate Organisation, DHRUVA, with support from the German Development Bank - KfW, through NABARD and describes the salient features of this approach and its observed impact till September 30, 2010.

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The project MAHANETRA (Maharashtra Network of Technology and Innovation Hubs for Rural Areas) focuses on appropriate technologies for rural areas & follows a hub-spoke model. The hubs will be involved in demonstration of technologies with the aim of dissemination of relevant technologies on a larger scale. The broad sectors of focus are agriculture, livestock, water resources & energy. The project is supported by Rajiv Gandhi Science & Technology Commission, Govt. of Maharashtra for a period of three years from May 2013.

The central hub is located at Urulikanchan in Pune with satellite hubs at Ralegaon (Yavatmal dist.) & Pandharpur (Solapur dist.). Jawhar (Thane dist.) will be an extended hub of the central hub. Pandharpur hub is in collaboration with SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur. The major objective of the project is dissemination of appropriate technologies in the field through a network of technology & innovation facilitation hubs. This is to be achieved through a common platform by bringing together relevant technologies & stakeholders. The expected outputs include higher productivity, improved access to animal biotechnology applications, better access to water, efficient water usage, greater usage of renewable energy resources etc.

  Hub-Spoke Model
  Program Areas
  Project Team
  Demonstrations Planned
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